Definitions & Policies
Candidate and Diplomate Information
In order to identify and determine the qualification of physicians to be candidates to sit for examinations or to participate in Certification activities, ABFM requires that applicants provide personal contact and identifying information, as well as personal, educational, and professional background information. This information is utilized by ABFM to identify an applicant, determine an applicant's eligibility and qualification to become a candidate for certification, and to communicate with the applicant. Similar information will be required to assist participants in Certification activities.
ABFM considers the status of an individual's participation in and the stage of completion of all Certification components, including an individual's certification status and certification history, to be public information. ABFM reserves the right to publish and share public information in any and all public forums determined by ABFM to be reasonable, including the posting of public information on the ABFM website, sharing the public information with medical licensure boards, managed care organizations, third party payers, or others. While ABFM generally regards all other information about individuals as private and confidential, there are times that ABFM must release certain information in order to fulfill its responsibilities as a medical specialty board and as a Member Board of the American Board of Medical Specialties ("ABMS").
There may be other times that ABFM may release information as determined by ABFM to be reasonable and in the interest of ABFM to fulfill its mission and purposes.
ABFM specifically regards the results of an individual's Certification, Recertification or In-Training examination as private and confidential. The ABFM may, however, make available the aggregate examination results of a group of examinees from the same training program or review course. Any disclosure will only be made reflecting the aggregate percentage of examination results and the disclosure will not identify the examinees or their individual results.
While ABFM will not use individual examination results or confidential financial information for commercial purposes, ABFM specifically reserves the right to share information with the American Academy of Family Physicians ("AAFP") and other CME providers and approved external providers who have applied for and received ABFM approval of their module for Certification purposes, on identifying or other information and aggregate examination results for purposes of updating ABFM files and records, completing, crediting or maintaining continuing medical education, and for the completion of components of Certification activities, or for other purposes intended to assist ABFM in carrying out its purposes as a medical specialty board.
ABFM reserves the right to make personal and identifying information (including email addresses) available for use in connection with the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, a periodic research journal sponsored by ABFM as its official journal publication. ABFM also reserves the right to make personal and identifying information (including email addresses) available for use by and in connection with the Pisacano Leadership Foundation, Inc., and the ABFM Foundation, Inc., both not-for profit corporations maintained by ABFM as supporting organizations.
Except as outlined herein, ABFM will not provide such information to third parties, except in response to the order of a court or other administrative agency or tribunal of competent jurisdiction. ABFM will notify the physician affected prior to complying with any such order.
ABFM will use performance on examinations and other information for research purposes.
ABFM reserves the right to disclose information in its possession regarding any individual whom it determines, in its sole and absolute discretion, has violated ABFM rules or procedures, engaged in misrepresentation or unprofessional behavior, or demonstrates signs of impairment.
Personal and Financial Information
In connection with registration of examination candidates and the administration of examinations, as well as other Certification activities, ABFM will collect personal information such as names, street or post office box addresses, email addresses, etc., and in some cases financial information (such as credit card information). ABFM will restrict access to financial information collected by ABFM to ABFM employees and contractors who need to know this information in order to conduct the business and affairs of ABFM.
HIPAA Privacy Rule
Recently, the Department of Health and Human Services finalized regulations regarding new privacy protections for certain health information under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 ("HIPAA"). As part of the Certification process, ABFM may require you to submit patient information of a type and nature which could be subject to HIPAA.
However, ABFM requires that any such patient health information be "de-identified" in accordance with the HIPAA regulations, such that all identifying information and markers which could be used to reasonably identify the patient in question are removed. ABFM does not intend to accept any patient information which has not been de-identified in accordance with the HIPAA privacy regulations. It is the applicant's responsibility to de-identify the patient health information before submission to ABFM. While ABFM will assist in the de-identification process, ABFM cannot and will not be responsible for the applicant's violation of privacy requirements under HIPPA. If you have questions regarding de-identification or would like more information regarding de-identification requirements, please contact ABFM.
While ABFM is committed to the privacy of patient information, ABFM has received a legal opinion that it is not a "covered entity" under the HIPAA privacy regulations and thus not subject to those obligations. Further, ABFM is not a "business associate" of those physicians (or "covered entities") who submit de-identified patient information to ABFM. ABFM has received an opinion of counsel to this effect, a copy of which may be obtained by contacting James C. Puffer, M.D., President of ABFM, 1648 McGrathiana Parkway, Suite 550, Lexington, KY 40511.
ABFM Official Definition of Family Medicine
Family medicine is the medical specialty which provides continuing, comprehensive health care for the individual and family. It is a specialty in breadth that integrates the biological, clinical and behavioral sciences. The scope of family medicine encompasses all ages, both sexes, each organ system and every disease entity.
Effective May 1, 2014
As of May 1, 2014, the Board Eligibility policy, approved by the ABFM Board of Directors in accordance with the ABMS Board Eligibility policy, will only apply to physicians attempting to certify for the first time. It does not apply to physicians who have previously been certified by the ABFM. For physicians whose certification expired prior to May 1, 2014, the ABFM will provide verification of physicians who are able to sit for the next examination. The previous policy relative to board eligibility may continue to be applied, but for no longer than 7 years. To review the policy in effect January 1, 2012 through April 30, 2014, please the click on the link below.
The American Board of Family Medicine defines the 7-year period of board eligibility as (1) the period that begins January 1, 2012, for any physician eligible to apply for initial certification prior to that date, or (2) the period that begins upon the date of successful completion of an ACGME-accredited Family Medicine residency training program, on or after January 1, 2012.
A physician who wishes to be designated as board eligible must continuously comply with the Guidelines for Professionalism, Licensure and Personal Conduct. In addition, the physician must continue to meet the requirements for Resident Certification Entry or the Certification Entry processes.
After expiration of the 7-year period of board eligibility, a family physician can no longer use the designation "board eligible" without meeting additional requirements. In order to keep or regain the "board-eligible" designation for an additional 7-year period, the physician must successfully complete at least 1 year of additional training in an accredited family medicine residency training program (or an ABFM-approved alternative). During this 7-year period, the previous requirements remain in place with regard to continuous compliance with the Guidelines for Professionalism, Licensure and Personal Conduct, and the physician must continue to meet the requirements for Certification entry.
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As of May 1, 2014, the Board Eligibility policy, approved by the ABFM Board of Directors in accordance with the ABMS Board Eligibility policy, will only apply to physicians attempting to certify for the first time. It does not apply to physicians who have previously been certified by the ABFM. For physicians whose certification expired prior to May 1, 2014, the ABFM will provide verification of physicians who are able to sit for the next examination. The previous policy relative to board eligibility may continue to be applied, but for no longer than 7 years. To review the policy in effect January 1, 2012 through April 30, 2014, please click here.
No specialty board has emeritus status for diplomates. The word "emeritus" is used for titles such as "Professor Emeritus," etc. The purpose of recertification is to periodically assess those who wish to maintain diplomate status. It assures that the physician's cognitive knowledge is current. Emeritus status implies lifelong attainment of knowledge, and would be a contradiction in terms relative to diplomate status with any specialty board.
Board certification confers specialty status in family medicine but does NOT guarantee certain hospital privileges or fees. These are matters of local jurisdiction. Hospital privileges are determined by the medical staffs of hospitals.
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