Family Medicine combined residencies are residency programs sponsored by a single institution that provides residents with all of the curricular elements of a categorical ACGME-accredited family medicine residency as well as the required ACGME curricular elements of a second discipline. They are specifically designed to enable residents to complete and become eligible to take the certification examination in both specialties one year earlier than if they were to have completed the two residencies in a sequential fashion. Combined residencies involving family medicine are not accredited by the ACGME—they are approved by ABFM and the second ABMS specialty board involved. At the present time, ABFM has approved combined residency training programs in conjunction with the American Board of Internal Medicine, the American Board of Emergency Medicine, the American Board of Preventive Medicine, and the American Board of Psychiatry.