The purpose of the Family Medicine Certification Examination is to measure the knowledge that sets you, the board-certified family physician, apart from non-physicians and other non-certified medical practitioners with less training and experience. It serves to assure the public that you are up to date and aware of best practices in medical care in the wide spectrum of illnesses treated by family physicians.  Fulfillment of this component requires the successful completion of the One-Day Family Medicine Certification Examination every 10 years.

Beginning in 2019, Diplomates who are currently certified and in the tenth year of certification due to end December 31, 2019, have two options to complete this requirement: the One-Day Family Medicine Certification Examination or the Family Medicine Certification Longitudinal Assessment (FMCLA).